What is the law regarding Portuguese citizenship for Sephardic Jews?
In 2015, a new law was introduced (Decree-Law 30-A/2015) in regard to the right to Portuguese citizenship for Sephardic Jews.
When referring to Sephardic Jews, this specifically refers to the descendants of the traditional Jewish communities of the Iberian peninsula. This new law means that the Portuguese government may grant citizenship to the descendants of the Sephardic Jews who were expelled from Portugal during the fifteenth century.
This new opportunity for Portuguese citizenship for Sephardic Jews is now being widely used and can be a great legacy to leave your family. Acquiring a European passport can open up access to a whole world of new possibilities, particularly from a country like Portugal. The country has been ranked as having the third most powerful passport in the world and is also in the midst of an economic boom, with a stable political environment which makes it incredibly attractive to investors.
In this article you will find all the information you need to about obtaining Portuguese citizenship for Sephardic Jews:
- Who can apply
- Application requirements
- Step-by-step process
Who can apply for Portuguese citizenship by means of Sephardic Jewish ancestry?
This opportunity is not just restricted Jewish people, Portuguese speakers, or residents of Portugal. Any descendant of Portuguese Sephardic ancestry may apply, regardless of nationality.
Under the law you can apply for Portuguese citizenship as a person of Sephardic descent if you comply with the following conditions:
- You are over 18 years old or emancipated according to Portuguese law
- If you are of Portuguese Sephardic descent
- Belong to a Sephardic community of Portuguese origin
The history of Sephardic Jews in Portugal
The history of Sephardic Jewish communities in the Iberian Peninsula goes back hundreds of years, before the foundation of the Christian Iberian kingdoms.
After the Alhambra Edict of 1492 up until the late fifteenth century, many of these Jewish communities became the subject of persecution under the Spanish Inquisition, at which point many took refuge in Portugal.
King Manuel, who initially issued a law guaranteeing their protection, later rescinded and ordered the expulsion of all Jews who did not undergo Catholic baptism. Many Jews were therefore expelled from Portugal during the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries.
These communities then established themselves in other countries such as the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Turkey, parts of North Africa and later in the Americas, in Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and the US.
Click here to find out the most common surnames for Sephardic Jews from Portugal.
How can those of Sephardic Jewish descent claim Portuguese citizenship?
Despite their expulsion from the Iberian Peninsula, many Sephardic Jewish communities have to this day retained not only their use of the Portuguese language but also many rites of traditional Portuguese-Jewish worship, as well as surnames, objects, and documents proving Portuguese origin.
Those of Sephardic Jewish descent may be granted citizenship by the Portuguese government if they fulfill specific requirements. In these cases, the acquisition of nationality always depends on a decision made by the Minister of Justice.
Application requirements for Portuguese citizenship for Sephardic Jews
Any application for citizenship must be accompanied by the following documents:
- A birth registration certificate
- A criminal record certificate issued by the relevant Portuguese authorities, the country of residence, or the country of origin
- A Jewish community certificate proving Sephardic Jewish lineage of Portuguese origin. This can be through surname, language, genealogy or family memory
Jewish community certificate for Sephardic Jews in Portugal
This is a certificate issued by officials of a Sephardic Jewish community which is recognized under Portuguese law. In order to obtain a certificate, the following documents may be requested:
- Evidence of the applicants’ family history in connection to the Sephardic Jewish community by means of name or genealogy
- Proof of use of Ladino as a family language
- Evidence of Portuguese Jewish ancestry through other documentation:
- Family records
- Family tree
- Birth certificates
- Marriage certificates
- Death certificate
- Cemetery registries
- Brit Milah records
- Government archives which show arrivals and departures from Portugal
The certificate must include the following information:
- Full name
- Date of birth
- Location of birth
- Applicants residence
- Description of applicant’s Sephardic origin
- Evidence supporting each of these elements
In the absence of a certificate, other evidence may be submitted:
- A document issued by your local Jewish community supporting the application for Portuguese nationality
- Documentation which proves direct descent, such as records from synagogues, residence permits, property deeds and wills
If there is any doubt as to the authenticity of the contents of the documents sourced abroad, the relevant Jewish authorities in Portugal may provide judgment on the evidence.
Step-by-step guide to obtaining Portuguese citizenship for Sephardic Jews
There are just 5 steps to the process of applying for Portuguese citizenship for Sephardic Jews:
- Obtaining the necessary documents
- Documents are sent to Portugal
- The application is then submitted for approval
- The government analyses the documents
- Portuguese citizenship is then given
After Portuguese citizenship is granted
After Portuguese citizenship has been granted, you can then obtain a Portuguese ID card or request a Portuguese passport. A Portuguese passport will give you freedom of movement throughout the Schengen zone and the UK, with no need for a visa. You can also travel visa-free to 183 countries around the world.
Frequently asked questions about Portuguese nationality for Sephardic Jews
What does it mean to be a Sephardic Jew?
Sefarad, from Hebrew, means Spain. Therefore Sephardic means from Spain. The term Sephardic is used to describe the Jewish people who lived in the Iberian Peninsula up until 1492, and their descendants.
I am not Jewish but have Sephardic roots. Can I apply?
Yes. Anyone who is of Sephardic ancestry can apply, so long as they can provide supporting documentation to prove this is the case.
What is meant by historical evidence of relation to Sephardic community of Portuguese origin?
Evidence can mean family names, language, or direct descendence.
What are the most common Portuguese Sephardic last names?
The Sephardic diaspora around the world is composed of a number of different surnames, in the UK and the Netherlands specifically these are the most common:
Abrantes, Aguilar, Andrade, Brandão, Brito, Bueno, Cardoso, Carvalho, Castro, Costa, Coutinho, Dourado, Fonseca, Furtado, Gomes, Gouveia, Granjo, Henriques, Lara, Marques, Melo, Prado, Mesquita, Mendes, Neto, Nunes, Pereira, Pinheiro, Rodrigues, Rosa, Sarmento, Silva, Soares, Teixeira and Teles.
In Latin America the following names are also common:
Almeida, Avelar, Bravo, Carvajal, Crespo, Duarte, Ferreira, Franco, Gato, Gonçalves, Guerreiro, Leão, Lopes, Leiria, Lobo, Lousada, Machorro, Martins, Montesino, Moreno, Mota, Macias, Miranda, Oliveira, Osório, Pardo, Pina, Pinto, Pimentel, Pizarro, Querido, Rei, Ribeiro, Salvador, Torres and Viana.
In addition, other parts of the world these Sephardic Jewish names are also common among descendants of the Portuguese community:
Amorim, Azevedo, Álvares, Barros, Basto, Belmonte, Cáceres, Caetano, Campos, Carneiro, Cruz, Dias, Duarte, Elias, Estrela, Gaiola, Josué, Lemos, Lombroso, Lopes, Machado, Mascarenhas, Mattos, Meira, Mello e Canto, Mendes da Costa, Miranda, Morão, Morões, Mota, Moucada, Negro, Oliveira, Osório (or Ozório), Paiva, Pilão, Pinto, Pessoa, Preto, Souza, Vaz and Vargas.
How can I prove Sephardic Jewish ancestry for Portuguese citizenship?
The principal means of proving Sephardic Jewish descendence is through the obtention of a certificate from the relevant Jewish community. The certificate should attest to the Sephardic ancestry of the applicant.
Jewish Lisbon Community – http://www.cilisboa.org/
Jewish Porto Community – http://comunidade-israelita-porto.org/x#
How long does it take to get Portuguese nationality for Sephardic Jews?
Applicants may find that it takes some time to prepare their application, as acquiring the necessary evidence and documents can take a while. After the application for citizenship has been submitted it is reviewed by the Central Registry Office. This process usually takes about six months.
Can Portuguese nationality be denied?
As Portuguese nationality for Sephardic Jews is granted at the discretion of the Minister of Justice, there is a possibility that the Ministry can choose not to grant citizenship to the applicant. Your chances of obtaining citizenship are greatly increased when aided and properly instructed with the correct legal support.
Are there any other ways to obtain Portuguese citizenship?
If you are denied Portuguese citizenship as a Sephardic Jew, there are other ways to obtain Portuguese citizenship. One of these is through the Golden Visa program. This scheme is one of the most popular residency-by-investment programs in Europe and could give you residence in Portugal with an investment of just €250,000.
Click here to find out more.
Is there any chance of the law on Portuguese nationality for Sephardic Jews being changed in the near future?
It is always advisable that the application process for Portuguese nationality is started as soon as the Jewish community certificate is issued.
If you need expert advice on residency and citizenship in Portugal, Global Citizen Solutions can help.
Get in touch to speak to one of our team.