Investment migration isn’t a new concept, but it’s certainly gained traction in the last few years. More and more people find the idea of alternative citizenship alluring, especially in times of crisis. At the center of these interests is citizenship by investment (CBI), a concept that countries from across the world have adopted into government schemes.

Several countries run their versions of these citizenship by investment programs, which grant investors citizenship in exchange for significant contributions to the respective nation’s societal advancement, cultural development, or economic growth. Some of these citizenship programs provide a direct route to citizenship, while others require a naturalization period before a citizenship application.

In this article, you’ll learn about citizenship by investment schemes, the benefits of applying for them, and the list of countries offering them.

Which countries grant citizenship by investment?

Many countries worldwide offer citizenship by investment programs, including but not limited to Spain, Portugal, Malta, Greece, Vanuatu, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, and Dominica, among others.

Generally, you can apply for direct citizenship by investment programs, which grant citizenship within a few months in exchange for a foreign direct investment, usually in approved real estate projects. Alternatively, you can apply for a Golden Visa program – or a residency by investment scheme – upon which a second passport is provided after a set number of years.

Depending on the citizenship program, immigrant investors may benefit from the following:

  • Visa-free access to over 140 nations worldwide
  • Tax planning opportunities with exemptions and reductions on capital gains tax, income tax, and inheritance tax, among others
  • Access to world-class healthcare
  • Family reunification

What kind of people apply for alternative citizenship?

It’s a common myth to think that only wealthy individuals and successful investors can apply for CBI. Anyone can apply, provided that the program criteria are met – including holding a clean criminal record, and meeting the minimum investment requirement.

Whether you’re a business owner, novel investor, digital entrepreneur, or just a regular person with a global mindset, consider applying for an EU CBI scheme or a Caribbean economic citizenship scheme to acquire new citizenship for you and your family.

Why do people invest in CBI schemes?

It’s easy to understand the appeal of citizenship by investment programs. You can get a second passport in as little as four months in exchange for investing a lump sum of money in the form of:

  • Bond investment
  • Capital investment
  • Joint investment
  • Real estate investment
  • Job creation
  • Purchase of government bonds
  • Donations to a sustainable growth fund, development funds, the national economic fund, or otherwise

Moreover, you gain access to various benefits, including visa-free travel, friendly tax schemes, a lucrative return on your investment, and the chance to own a second home in an exotic country.

How do countries benefit from CBI schemes?

Countries interested in increasing capital and bringing wealth across borders to pay for social programs and keep their economies afloat will hugely benefit from CBI programs.

Citizenship by Investment Countries List 2023

With the help of this list, you’ll get a complete picture of the countries offering CBI schemes, including European Union member states, and Caribbean nations, among other countries. Note that we work with only a curated selection of these citizenship-by-investment programs. Check out the list of countries we work with.

Countries Program Highlights
Anguilla From $150,000

  • Permanent residency which can lead to British citizenship after five years
  • Full family application
Austria From €2 million

Antigua and Barbuda From $100,000

Bulgaria From €511,292

Belgium From €200,000

Cayman Islands From $2.4 million

  • Permanent residency
  • British overseas territory
Curacao From $280,000

Dominica From $100,000

Germany From €360,000

Greece From €250,000

  • European residency that can lead to citizenship after seven years
  • EU Schengen Zone travel
  • Golden Visa Greece
Grenada From $150,000

Ireland From €1 million

  • Residency that can lead to citizenship after five years
  • Full family application
  • Ireland Golden Visa
Italy From €250,000

Luxembourg From €500,000

  • One of the richest countries in the world to hold residency
  • European passport after five years
  • Luxembourg Investor Visa
Malta From €690,000

Moldova From €100,000 donation

  • European citizenship in four months
  • Full family application
Montenegro From €450,000

  • Citizenship status in ten months
  • Full family application
Portugal From €280,000

Spain From €500,000

St Kitts & Nevis From $150,000 donation

St Lucia From $100,000

Turkey From €400,000

UK From £2 million

USA From $900,000

Vanuatu From $130,000

Five Reasons to Consider Second Citizenship

Ultimate backup plan in times of political unrest

Ultimate backup plan in times of political unrest

Enhanced global mobility with visa-free travel

Enhanced global mobility with visa-free travel

Diversification of your investment portfolio

Diversification of your investment portfolio

Wealth protection and considerable tax benefits

Wealth protection and considerable tax benefits

Security in the form of a second/dual passport

Security in the form of a second/dual passport

There are many reasons for an individual to consider acquiring alternative citizenship. Most of them tie around three things: enhanced global mobility, a heightened sense of security in times of political conflict and socioeconomic unrest, and access to better healthcare facilities and a higher quality of life.

While the primary benefits of these investment programs are commonly shared by all applicants who seek an opportunity at a better life for themselves and their families, avid foreign investors may find additional benefits in these programs, specifically financial benefits, and tax incentives.

Discover the Power of Second Citizenship

Global Citizen Solutions is a leading investment migration consultancy firm, working with fifteen countries offering citizenship by investment programs. At the heart of our firm is our belief that everybody deserves the opportunity to enjoy global mobility and unparalleled freedoms associated with owning a second passport.

Our specialists are on hand to assist you in your journey to seeking a second passport and acquiring citizenship. We can guide you to the best option under confidentiality. Simply fill out the form below, and our team will get back to you with your request.

Frequently Asked Questions about Citizenship by Investment

What are the five best countries offering citizenship by investment programs?

Many countries offer CBI schemes, but few offer the perfect combination of a low investment threshold, a high-ranking passport, and a quick pathway to citizenship. According to Forbes, the five best countries offering CBI are St. Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Malta, Portugal, and New Zealand.

What citizenship-by-investment programs grant European citizenship?

The following countries offer European CBI: Malta, Portugal, Spain, Belgium, Germany, Ireland, and Greece.

Is it a good idea to get help for my citizenship-by-investment application process?

It is a good idea to seek assistance when lodging your CBI application. Many companies like Global Citizen Solutions offer a one-stop-shop for investment migration and relocation services, providing bespoke residence and citizenship solutions.

What is the easiest country to get citizenship by investment?

The easiest country to get citizenship is St. Kitts and Nevis. It has a fast-track application option, enabling investors to get a passport in 45-60 days.

Which country is the hardest to get citizenship?

Vatican City remains the most rigid state to get citizenship. Thanks to its strict immigration policy, it protects its small population fiercely.

Which country gives the fastest citizenship by investment?

Vanuatu is the fastest country to grant citizenship by investment. Successful individuals can obtain a Vanuatu passport in as little as 30 days.

Which is the best country to buy citizenship?

Several countries would make excellent investment destinations for global citizens interested in acquiring citizenship in a second nation. Deciding which citizenship by investment program is the best depends on your personal, financial, and business goals.

What is the cheapest citizenship by investment program?

Caribbean countries generally offer more affordable programs, starting with an investment threshold as low as $100,000. Of course, some of those smaller investments are considered donations, which means they won’t yield any returns.

Which countries give citizenship by investment if you buy a property?

Several countries provide a route to citizenship in exchange for a qualifying real estate investment, including Portugal, Turkey, and Greece.

How many family members can I add to my application for citizenship by investment?

Many countries offer citizenship by investment and permanent residence permits to qualifying individuals, and extend those rights to their immediate family members. Depending on where you’re obtaining citizenship, you might be able to bring along everyone, or just your spouse and financially dependent children.

What is the best Caribbean passport country?

If you are interested in a Caribbean passport, countries to keep an eye are Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St Kitts and Nevis, and St Lucia. All five nations offer respected and solid Citizenship by Investment programs. They are all relatively affordable and have flexible requirements. The best program for you depends on your specific circumstances, as you can see in our Caribbean Comparison Guide.