Are you thinking of working and settling in Portugal? Do you want to know more about the required documents for the work visa process? In this blog post, we will provide you with all the information you need about the Portugal work visa, the residence permit you need to work in Portugal, the difference between long and short-term stays, and how to start applying for the Portugal work visa.
Numerous expats are choosing Europe as their new home, and Portugal is a top choice for many. This is not only because of its welcoming nature but also due to its affordable cost of living, which is among the most reasonable in European countries for both residence and work.
In the following sections, you will find everything you’ll need to know about work in Portugal, from Portuguese immigration services to Portugal work visa requirements, permanent residence, social security, how to get a residence visa and subsequent residence certificate, and the temporary stay visa. We’ll also have detailed information on the job seeker visa, for those looking to come to Portugal to job hunt.
Do I need a visa to work in Portugal?
If you have already secured a job in Portugal, you should be aware of all the following information to start the legal process, which can take some time. If you’re still searching for a job opportunity, you can have a look at this guide to finding a job in Portugal.
If you’re a citizen of the EU, EEA, or Switzerland, you can start right away because you won’t need a Portugal work visa to come to the country and begin your job. However, if you’re staying more than 90 days – which probably will be the case if you are moving for work, you will need a Residence Certificate (Certificado de Registo) that will be filled out according to the Town Hall that is closest to your residence in Portugal. The cost of this Residence Certificate is around €15.
The process is a bit different for non-EU citizens, and more steps will be involved when moving to Portugal.
Once you get accepted into your new job in Portugal and receive your job offer, you will be eligible to start the process of getting a Portugal work visa. This type of visa is valid only for non-EU citizens who landed a job in Portugal or are married to Portuguese citizens. When your request for a work visa in Portugal gets approved, you can continue obtaining a residence permit when you finally arrive in Portugal.
After five years of living legally and working in Portugal, you will be able to apply for permanent residency. You’ll also be able to apply for Portuguese citizenship and enjoy the benefits of obtaining a Portuguese passport as long as you fulfill all the requirements.
For those who have not found a job yet, you can apply for the Portugal job seeker visa, which gives you 120 days in the country to look for an employment contract.
If you want to know more about the countries that you will be able to visit without a visa once you obtain a Portuguese passport, you can check our Portugal Visa-free Countries List.
Portugal Work Visa Requirements
Once you get hired, your employer should take the first step in the visa process by applying for your work permit by contacting the Portuguese Labor Authorities (Autorização de Trabalho).
When the job contract gets approved by the authorities, it will be your turn to apply for a Portuguese work visa from the Portuguese Embassy in your country to enter Portugal. Your visa validation will depend on your nationality and work contract, and you must be in Portugal within this period.
If your work contract is longer than six months, you will have to apply for a residency permit before your visa ends to continue living and working in Portugal legally. You should know that the type of Portuguese residency permit will differ according to the basis of your job contract.
Here are the documents you will need to prepare before going to the embassy and applying for the Portuguese work visa, according to the Portuguese Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras (SEF):
- A valid passport
- Passport-size pictures, following Schengen Visa picture guidelines
- Proof of sufficient funds to sustain yourself
- Your criminal record certificate from your country of residence. If you have lived in another country for over a year, you must also get criminal record certificate from there.
- A document permitting SEF to check your Portuguese criminal records
- Proof of health insurance
- Proof of accommodation in Portugal
- Your employment contract
- If you are already in Portugal: Proof of legal entry into Portuguese territories, such as a visa.
- If you are applying from a country other than that of your origin: Proof of legal stays, such as a residence permit or a visa.
Note the following:
- All the documents you’re submitting need to be in English or Portuguese; if not, you will need to have them translated by an authorized translator.
- Certain documents, such as diplomas or civil documents, may have to be legalized. You can legalize documents through an Apostille Stamp or through the Portuguese Embassy or consulate in your country.
As an employee, you will be legally living and working in Portugal. The standard validation period for your residency permit is one year, and after that, it gets renewed as long as you’re still working in Portugal.
Renewal can be done online through the SEF website. After five years of residency, you will be able to apply for Portuguese permanent residency and/or Portuguese citizenship and a Portuguese passport. While being a permanent resident provides an array of advantages, as a Portuguese citizen, you will have the rights of an EU citizen, including the ability to live, work, and study in any EU member country.
Permits for highly skilled migrants and researchers
Portugal offers special visa schemes for highly skilled employees, and there is a specific residence permit for scientific researchers, academic teachers, and workers in highly qualified professional activities. The permit is valid for one year and can also be renewed for up to five years, after which the holder can apply for permanent Portuguese residence.
Third-country nationals pursuing skilled employment in Portugal can contact the Portuguese National Academic Recognition Information Centre (NARIC). They provide information on getting foreign language qualifications and certificates recognized and accepted in Portugal.
EU Blue Card
The Blue Card scheme gives you the same benefits as the Portugal work visa and Portuguese residency and applies to highly qualified employees from non-EU countries. You can apply for the EU Blue Card if the following conditions apply to you:
- You have high qualifications
- You are a paid employee with a work contract or binding job offer in an EU country for at least one year
- You have a gross annual salary of at least one and a half times the country’s national average. Check out the minimum wages and average salaries in Portugal.
EU Blue Cards are valid for between one and four years and allow non-EU nationals to work in EU member states (excluding Denmark and Ireland). A Blue Card holder living in Portugal for 18 months can apply for a residence permit for researchers, medical professionals, or highly-skilled migrants.
How to apply for a Portugal work visa?
As stated above, to apply for the Portugal work visa, you will first need to look into finding a job vacancy, securing a job, and signing a work contract. Then you will need to apply for a work visa to be able to enter the country, which is divided into three steps:
- Step 1: Your employer applies for your work permit.
- Step 2: You apply for a Portugal work visa at the Portuguese Embassy in your country.
- Step 3: You apply for a Portuguese residence permit.
Now we will break those three steps down to provide you with more detailed information so that you are well-prepared and have all the required paperwork.
Step 1: Work permit application
Once you get the job, accept the job offer, and sign your contract, your employer should apply for your Portugal work visa online through the Portuguese Labor Authorities (Autorização de Trabalho) and Portuguese Immigration and Borders Service (Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras – SEF) on your behalf.
The following documents must be submitted in this step:
- Employment contract
- Company tax statements
- Proof of having registered with Social Security (Segurança Social)
- Proof that an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen could not have filled the position
Step 2: Portugal work visa application
With the previous step completed, and once the work permit gets approved by the authorities, the second step of the process is where the visa applicant will need to submit their documents to the Portuguese Embassy in their home country to get the work visa.
Once you obtain this work visa, and prove that you have a guaranteed monthly minimum salary, you will be able to legally enter the country and start working in less than six months. During this time, you will need to apply for a residence permit.
Before going to the embassy, make sure of the following:
- Prepare all the required documents as mentioned above
- Find the location of the nearest embassy
- Make an appointment by calling or emailing
- Take all the necessary documents with you and ensure you have translated them into English or Portuguese. In some cases, the applicant may have a visa interview.
Step 3: Residence permit application (Portuguese immigration and border services)
This step will be less stressful than the previous ones. You already landed the job, got the work permit, obtained your work visa, and even traveled to Portugal safe and sound. Now it’s time to start applying for the Residence Permit if you’re considering staying longer in Portugal.
You will need to register for a Social Security Number (from the Portuguese Social Security Office, although your new employee should have done this for you), a tax number (NIF) (from Finanças), and a residence permit.
Types of Portugal Work Visas
The type of Portuguese work visa that you will need will depend on your nationality and the length of your work contract. There are mainly two types of work visas available for non-EU citizens.
Short-term Portuguese work visas
This type of short-term visa is required for temporary contracts that last less than six months for employees and self-employed workers, subject to an evaluation by the labor authority (IEFP). It’s possible to extend this short-term visa up to one year if you are engaged in scientific research, academic teaching, highly qualified professional activities, or certain training and service provisions provided by members of World Trade Organization countries.
If you are visiting Portugal on a short stay for business purposes, you can apply for a Portuguese business visa.
Long-term Portuguese work visas
For non-EU citizens who get a long-term contract and will be living and working in Portugal for more than six months, you will need to get a long-term work visa (Type D). Because Portugal is part of the Schengen Area, you will have access across the 26 Schengen Area countries once you obtain the long-term visa. You will have to start the residence permit process upon arrival, as stated before.
If you are a non-EU, foreign citizen considering relocating to Portugal with your own funding, you may want to check the D7 Visa scheme.
The process for a Portuguese work visa may take some time, so you need to be patient because it’s very different from applying for a tourism visa or any other type of visa. You may wait for several months before your work visa application is finalized. It can take up to 60 days for SEF to process the work permit application and two to three months for the Portuguese Embassy to issue an entry visa. However, that doesn’t necessarily happen in all cases, and your visa could be processed quicker depending on your specific circumstances.
You should also know that the Portuguese Embassy may call you anytime and ask for more documents before finalizing your work visa, so always be prepared.
Exploring Visa and Immigration Options for Portugal
If you’re considering making the move to Portugal, it’s essential to be informed about the various visa and residency options available. The Golden Visa Portugal program is an attractive option for many, offering residency to those who have the financial resources to invest, and their families. For those eyeing retirement in this beautiful country, the Retirement Visa (D7) is tailored for you. Digital nomads can take advantage of both short and long stay options with the Nomad Visa (D8). Meanwhile, the NHR – Non Habitual Tax regime provides significant tax benefits for new residents.
For the entrepreneurial spirit, Portugal offers the Entrepreneurship/startup Visa (D2) – Start-up Visa (open company) tailored for those looking to establish their businesses in the country. Those with specialized skills can explore the Work visa for highly qualified employees (D3). Additionally, if you have Portuguese ancestry, you might be eligible for Citizenship by descent.
However, moving to a new country isn’t just about visas. If you’re thinking of buying property, our guide on Buying Property in Portugal can offer invaluable insights. Dive deeper into the immigration process with our comprehensive Portugal immigration guide. For Americans specifically looking to relocate, we have curated information on Americans moving to Portugal. Lastly, one can’t forget the importance of the NIF (Tax Registration Number), a crucial step in any relocation process.
Be sure to familiarize yourself with Portuguese immigration laws and regulations, as this is crucial for understanding the eligibility criteria and requirements for obtaining a work visa.
Depending on the nature of the work you’re seeking, knowledge of the Portuguese language or Portuguese language proficiency may be necessary. Some jobs and work visas may require applicants to demonstrate a certain level of proficiency in Portuguese.
Golden Residence for Business Investors
The Portugal Golden Visa Program is a five-year residency-by-investment scheme for non-EU nationals. It’s part of Portugal’s immigration move to welcome investors into the country. This visa scheme speeds up the process for non-EU investors to get a Portuguese residence permit if they make a qualifying investment in the country.
Self-employed workers in Portugal
Finding a freelance job and being self-employed in Portugal is highly recommended because you’ll find many opportunities and enjoy many benefits.
Imagine yourself living in a sunny country with amazing views and beautiful beaches while at the same time having the luxury of working anywhere and on your own work schedule.
Non-EU/EFTA residents who want to set up a small business or work remotely in Portugal will undergo the same process to get a Portuguese resident visa as employees.
However, the residence permit and self-employment visa you will be granted are specific to self-employed workers, requiring extra documentation related to your business activities and business or self-employment registration with the tax office.
Job Seeker Visa Portugal
The Portugal Job Seeker Visa allows you to live in the country while searching for a job. The job seeker visa is granted for 120 days, and allows a single entry into Portugal. There is a 60 day extension period before the visa expires.
If you’re entering Portugal on the job seeker visa, make sure that you have enough money set aside to support yourself for the period of time that you won’t be in employment. It’s advisable to do research and familiarize yourself with the Portuguese labor market before your move, so that you have the best chances of finding a job on the job seeker visa. Prepare your resume and references and give yourself enough time to prepare for interviews.
In order to apply for the job seeker visa, you’ll need the visa application form, two photographs, your passport, your proof of status in a country other than Portugal, valid travel insurance, a criminal record certificate, an appointment with the SEF, and a return flight.
You’ll also have to provide proof that you can support yourself, with financial proof of three times the national minimum salary, or a financial resources equivalent.
You’ll also need to submit a declaration of interest to the Portuguese Institute of Employment and Vocational Training (IEFP), the Portuguese public employment service. You must do this before submitting your job seeker visa application. Once the visa is acquired, upon entering Portugal, you must show proof of the job seeker visa to the immigration and border service.
You can learn more about this visa type and the Portugal Job Seeker Visa requirements here (in Portuguese). This type of Portugal working visa was introduced on 22 October 2022 to reduce Portugal’s employment shortage in certain areas. Once you receive a job offer and employment contract, then you can apply for a working visa and, depending on your visa, a residence permit.
Training and volunteer work in Portugal
For those aged between 17 and 30 years old, you can find some volunteer programs at the European Voluntary Service (EVS), where you work abroad for up to 12 months in exchange for board, food, valid travel insurance, and a small allowance. Concordia is another organization for volunteer opportunities. For holiday volunteering opportunities, check Workaway.
Third-country nationals undertaking unpaid training placements or volunteer work can apply for a special Portuguese Residence Permit. Upon completion of training, students are entitled to work in Portugal on an employment contract, subject to an application for a change in Residence Permit authorized by the SEF.
A residence permit for volunteers is valid for one year, except for circumstances where legal residence permits or authorization for a volunteering program lasts longer than one year and is not renewable.
Students working in Portugal
Non-EU students will need a Portuguese student permit to be able to work in Portugal while studying. They can also conduct research work in Portugal, teach, or partake in highly qualified or professional training activities if they meet the necessary criteria.
Portugal work visa fees
There is more than one fee you have to pay when applying for a Portuguese work visa.
- Cost of the entry visa issued by the Portuguese Embassy – €90 (may be subject to change from country to country)
- To submit the application for a Portugal residence permit at SEF – €83
- To receive the residence permit from SEF – €72
We advise you to check the exact fees on the website of the Portuguese Embassy in your country. And also, make sure to check if they accept money in cash or if you can pay with a credit card to avoid surprises on the submission day.
Why choose Global Citizen Solutions for your Immigration Visa?
GLOBAL APPROACH BY LOCAL EXPERTS
- GCS has offices located across Portugal.
- Members of the US-Portugal and UK-Portugal Chambers of Commerce in Portugal, and the Investment Migration Council (IMC).
- Our expert team can help you throughout your journey to secure your Visa.
100% APPROVAL RATE
- Our successful track record in applications provides reassurance to applicants.
- We have helped clients from more than 35 countries secure residency in Portugal.
- With a single channel of communication, our approach ensures that you have complete clarity on your application.
- Our BeGlobal® Onboarding System allows for a total flow of information.
TRANSPARENCY AND PRIVACY
- Our pricing is clear and detailed, you will not face any hidden costs.
- All data is stored within a GDPR-compliant database on a secure SSL-encrypted server.
Frequently Asked Questions about the Portugal Work Visa
How do I get a work visa for Portugal?
Firstly, you need to land a job in Portugal to begin the process of obtaining a Portuguese work visa and go through the hiring and interviewing process. Once you are accepted, and your contract is signed, your employer can start applying for a work permit on your behalf to the Portuguese Labor Authorities.
When your work permit is approved, now you can apply for a Portugal work visa at the Portuguese Embassy in your country. You may also find the opportunity for seasonal work in Portugal.
Is Portugal issuing work visas?
Yes. And there are two types of Portugal work visas, short-term and long-term work visas, depending on your nationality and the type of your work contract.
If you have questions about your eligibility to work in Portugal, concerning securing a work permit in the country or the process, it is worth seeking expert assistance from a work permit company in Portugal.
Is it easy to get a job in Portugal?
What is the duration of a work visa?
When you apply for a work visa, you will receive a temporary residence permit that allows you to live and work in Portugal for one to two years. After one to two years, you can renew this temporary stay visa permit at SEF before it expires, as long as you still have a job offer from your employer. After five years as a legal resident in Portugal, you can apply for permanent residency.
Does a work visa lead to permanent residency in Portugal?
Yes. After living and working in Portugal for five years with your temporary visa, you will be eligible for a permanent residency permit, provided you meet all the requirements from the Portuguese Immigration and Borders Service.
Does a work visa lead to Portuguese citizenship?
When you obtain your work visa, and once you enter the country, you will be able to apply for a temporary resident permit. After five years of your stay in Portugal, you can obtain a permanent resident permit. Alongside securing a permanent residence permit, you can start the process of applying for Portuguese citizenship.
While being a permanent resident provides an array of advantages, as a Portuguese citizen, you will have the rights of an EU citizen, including the ability to live, work, and study in any EU member country.
Can I work in Portugal as an international student?
Yes, international students are allowed to work in Portugal. The permitted hours of work depend on your nationality:
- If you have EU/EEA/Swiss nationality: You can work without any restrictions on a time limit.
- If you do not have EU/EEA/Swiss nationality: You can only work for up to 20 hours/week (part-time) during the semester. During semester breaks or holidays, you may work full-time.
Can I work in Portugal if I have a family visa?
Yes, if you are joining a family member who lives in Portugal, then you are allowed to work and study in the country. You may have to seek authorization for work, however, so you should contact SEF.
Can you work in Portugal if you are from the UK?
Is there a Portugal self employment visa?
If you are a self-employed worker and are looking to live in Portugal for less than a year, you will need to secure a valid temporary stay visa. For longer periods, you will need to obtain a residence visa. Note that this does not automatically grant you the right of residence, and you will need to apply for a residence permit once in Portugal.
Can I get a work permit for Portugal from India?
Yes, Indian citizens can work and study in Portugal as long as they are a valid visa holder. However, they will need to have a valid visa and secure a job and contract of employment in the country. Other visa options include the Portugal D7 Visa, the Portugal Golden Visa, or the Digital Nomad Visa.
Can an Indian work in Portugal?
Provided you have a valid legal residence permit and/or work visa, Indian citizens can live and work in Portuguese territory with the proper residency visas.
Do I need to have valid travel insurance to work in Portugal?
Valid travel insurance is not a necessary requirement for a visa, unlike proof of health insurance, however it is always a good idea to have.