As the desire for increased personal freedoms and global mobility grows, securing a second passport becomes more appealing, and opting for a Serbian passport stands out as a compelling choice for those seeking an alternative passport.
Keep reading as we take an in-depth look at Serbian passports, from the advantages of holding one to Serbian law on nationality and obtaining Serbian citizenship and a new passport.
Entry Requirements for Serbian Passport Holders
A Serbian passport is a biometric passport issued to citizens of the Republic of Serbia. Although Serbia isn’t a member of the European Union, its EU membership application is being processed. As such, Serbian passport holders could soon gain EU citizenship and a European Union travel document.
Concerning global mobility, Serbian passports provide visa-free benefits, enhancing global mobility when combined with an existing passport from countries like Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Serbian passports facilitate visa-free access to 148, including China, Russia, and all EU countries.
Serbian passports are particularly beneficial for visa-free, visa-on-arrival, and electronic travel authorization (eTA) entry to several countries inaccessible without a physical visa for many tier-one and other global passports. Let’s explore the countries accessible to citizens of the Republic of Serbia.
|Albania||visa free (90 days)|
|Andorra||visa free (90 days)|
|Antigua and Barbuda||visa free (180 days)|
|Argentina||visa free (90 days)|
|Armenia||visa free (180 days)|
|Austria||visa free (90 days)|
|Bangladesh||visa on arrival|
|Barbados||visa free (90 days)|
|Belarus||visa free (30 days)|
|Belgium||visa free (90 days)|
|Bolivia||visa on arrival|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||visa free (90 days)|
|Brazil||visa free (90 days)|
|Bulgaria||visa free (90 days)|
|Burundi||visa on arrival|
|Cambodia||visa on arrival|
|Cabo Verde||visa on arrival|
|Central African Republic||visa required|
|Chile||visa free (90 days)|
|China||visa free (30 days)|
|Colombia||visa free (90 days)|
|Comoros||visa on arrival|
|Costa Rica||visa free (90 days)|
|Croatia||visa free (90 days)|
|Cuba||visa free (90 days)|
|Cyprus||visa free (90 days)|
|Czech Republic||visa free (90 days)|
|Denmark||visa free (90 days)|
|Dominica||visa free (21 days)|
|Dominican Republic||visa free|
|Ecuador||visa free (90 days)|
|Egypt||visa on arrival|
|El Salvador||visa required|
|Estonia||visa free (90 days)|
|Swaziland||visa free (30 days)|
|Fiji||visa free (120 days)|
|Finland||visa free (90 days)|
|France||visa free (90 days)|
|Gambia||visa free (90 days)|
|Georgia||visa free (360 days)|
|Germany||visa free (90 days)|
|Greece||visa free (90 days)|
|Grenada||visa free (90 days)|
|Guinea-Bissau||visa on arrival|
|Haiti||visa free (90 days)|
|Hong Kong||visa free (14 days)|
|Hungary||visa free (90 days)|
|Iceland||visa free (90 days)|
|Indonesia||visa on arrival|
|Israel||visa free (90 days)|
|Italy||visa free (90 days)|
|Jamaica||visa on arrival|
|Japan||visa free (90 days)|
|Jordan||visa on arrival|
|Kazakhstan||visa free (30 days)|
|Kosovo||visa free (90 days)|
|Kuwait||visa on arrival|
|Kyrgyzstan||visa free (90 days)|
|Lao||visa on arrival|
|Latvia||visa free (90 days)|
|Lebanon||visa on arrival|
|Liechtenstein||visa free (90 days)|
|Lithuania||visa free (90 days)|
|Luxembourg||visa free (90 days)|
|Macao||visa free (90 days)|
|Madagascar||visa on arrival|
|Maldives||visa on arrival|
|Malta||visa free (90 days)|
|Marshall Islands||visa required|
|Mauritania||visa on arrival|
|Mauritius||visa on arrival|
|Micronesia||visa free (30 days)|
|Moldova||visa free (90 days)|
|Monaco||visa free (90 days)|
|Mongolia||visa free (90 days)|
|Montenegro||visa free (90 days)|
|Mozambique||visa on arrival|
|Nepal||visa on arrival|
|Netherlands||visa free (90 days)|
|New Zealand||visa required|
|Nicaragua||visa on arrival|
|North Korea||visa required|
|North Macedonia||visa free (90 days)|
|Norway||visa free (90 days)|
|Oman||visa on arrival|
|Palau||visa on arrival|
|Panama||visa free (90 days)|
|Papua New Guinea||visa required|
|Peru||visa free (90 days)|
|Poland||visa free (90 days)|
|Portugal||visa free (90 days)|
|Qatar||visa on arrival|
|Romania||visa free (90 days)|
|Russia||visa free (30 days)|
|Rwanda||visa on arrival|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||e-visa|
|Saint Lucia||visa required|
|Samoa||visa on arrival|
|San Marino||visa free (90 days)|
|Sao Tome and Principe||e-visa|
|Saudi Arabia||visa required|
|Seychelles||visa free (90 days)|
|Singapore||visa free (30 days)|
|Slovakia||visa free (90 days)|
|Slovenia||visa free (90 days)|
|Solomon Islands||visa required|
|Somalia||visa on arrival|
|South Africa||visa required|
|Spain||visa free (90 days)|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||visa free (90 days)|
|Suriname||visa free (30 days)|
|Sweden||visa free (90 days)|
|Switzerland||visa free (90 days)|
|Tanzania||visa on arrival|
|Timor-Leste||visa on arrival|
|Togo||visa on arrival|
|Trinidad and Tobago||visa free (30 days)|
|Tuvalu||visa on arrival|
|Turkey||visa free (90 days)|
|Ukraine||visa free (30 days)|
|United Arab Emirates||visa free (90 days)|
|United Kingdom||visa required|
|United States||visa required|
|Uruguay||visa free (90 days)|
|Uzbekistan||visa free (30 days)|
|Vanuatu||visa free (30 days)|
|Vatican||visa free (90 days)|
|Zambia||visa free (90 days)|
|Zimbabwe||visa on arrival|
Serbia Passport Benefits
A foreign national who becomes a Serbian citizen and acquires a valid travel document from the Republic secures a plan B and new opportunities for themself and their family members.
Serbia passport power highlights:
Stable economy: Serbia is gaining increasing attention from foreign investors seeking a foothold in the European market due to its long history of economic stability. Serbia passport holders can conduct business in a stable country that has proved its resilience against challenging economic conditions.
Enhanced global mobility: A valid passport from the Republic of Serbia will provide easy entry to 148 countries. Serbian citizens have visa-free travel access to the Schengen Area for 90 days out of 180 days, as well as strict countries such as Russia and China. Additionally, a valid Serbian identity card allows access to six countries in the region, including Albania, Montenegro, and Turkey.
Free healthcare system: The Serbian government provides free universal healthcare to all citizens, including doctor visits, hospital stays, and various healthcare services. Private health insurance is also available at low premiums.
Well-developed infrastructure: Despite Serbia’s low cost of living and relatively small economy, the country has well-developed infrastructure. Major cities such as Belgrade, Novi Sad, and Kragujevac boast modern public transportation networks, including highways and railways that connect major cities, facilitating efficient travel and trade. Robust telecommunications and internet services further contribute to Serbia’s advanced infrastructure.
Serbia passport ranking
Serbia’s passport ranks in the top third of the world’s 197 passports. According to the Global Passport Index, the Serbian passport is the 65th strongest passport worldwide when considering global mobility, investment opportunities, and quality of life factors.
Serbia Passport Cost
Acquiring a Serbia passport through investment is not a pathway the Serbian government provides. However, the Serbian investor visa program allows foreign nationals to invest in the economy and gain a residence permit.
Qualifying investments include real estate acquisition and business investments, and upon completing a qualifying investment and passing due diligence checks, a three-year residence permit is issued. After three years of residence, a foreign citizen can apply for permanent residency, and an additional three years of residency provides eligibility for the issuance of Serbian citizenship by naturalization and a Serbian passport.
A significant benefit of investing in the Republic of Serbia to gain a residence permit and create a path to Serbian citizenship is there is no minimum investment required, meaning a prospective applicant can purchase property or establish businesses of any value and qualify for the program.
The fee to obtain a Serbian biometric passport in Serbia is RSD 3600 (about $34). Passports issued by a Serbian Embassy or Consular office typically cost between $70 and $80.
Serbia Passport Requirements
The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Serbia is the government division handling Serbian citizenship applications and Serbian passports. The required documents include:
- A passport application form
- Identification document (old passport, Serbian ID card, or other official documents proving one’s identity)
- Original certificate of Serbian citizenship no more than 12 months old (only required for issuance of the first biometric passport)
- Serbian birth certificate (if applicable)
- Marriage certificates (if applicable)
Serbian travel documents for children
Additional information, steps, and documents are required when applying for a child’s travel document in the Republic of Serbia. The following documents and steps needed include:
- Both parents must appear in person to submit a minor child’s passport application.
- Applications submitted by a sole parent must include certified written consent from the absent parent.
- Applications for travel documents for children with a foreign parent must include written consent or a statement of compliance.
Eligibility Criteria for a Serbian Passport
Acquiring a Serbian biometric passport is a simple process, as long as you meet the eligibility requirements and successfully fulfill due diligence checks. You can qualify for a Serbia passport as a foreign resident within six years.
The following individuals are eligible to obtain Serbian citizenship:
Citizenship by birthright
- Persons born in the Republic of Serbia who have lived in the country for at least two years.
Citizenship by descent
- Persons whose parents were Serbia citizens at the time of their birth.
- Persons born in the Republic of Serbia who had at least one Serbian parent at the time of their birth.
- Persons born abroad who had at least one Serbian parent at the time of their birth and the other parent was unknown or a foreign citizen, and the person chose to request citizenship at the age of 23.
Citizenship by marriage
- Foreign spouses of Serbian nationals who have been married for at least three years and hold permanent residence status.
Citizenship by naturalization
- Foreign residents who obtain permanent residency after three years residency and live in Serbia for at least six years.
Citizenship by exception
- Individuals recognized for their substantial contributions to the Republic of Serbia through contributions to education, business, or who have substantial assets held in the Republic.
Serbian citizenship by birthright
A standard method of acquiring citizenship for Serbians is by jus soli through Serbian ancestry. A person born in the Republic of Serbia can request citizenship after living in the country for two years.
Serbian citizenship by descent
The most predominant method natural-born Serbians acquire citizenship is through jus sanguinis. An individual can be granted citizenship by descent in the following three specific circumstances:
- Both parents were Serbian citizens at the time of their birth.
- They were born in Serbia, and at least one parent was a Serbian citizen at the time of their birth.
- At least one parent was a Serbian citizen at the time of their birth, and the other parent was unknown or a foreign national, and the person chooses to request citizenship at 23 years old.
Serbian citizenship by marriage
Foreigners married to a Serbian national are eligible for citizenship, provided they have been married for three years and hold permanent residence status in the Republic.
Serbian citizenship by naturalization
The Republic of Serbia has a six-year naturalization process. This requires three years of residence before being eligible to apply for permanent residency and an additional three years with permanent residence status.
How to get a Serbian passport by investment
Serbia’s residency by investment provides a path to citizenship of the Republic and a Serbian travel document after six years of residency.
To qualify for a Serbian passport through investment, you must meet the following criteria:
- Be at least 18
- Hold a clean criminal record
- Make one of two investments: Purchase a property anywhere in Serbia or establish a Serbian business
- Submit your application to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Serbia and obtain your investment visa
- Complete three years of residency and apply for permanent residency
- Complete an additional three months of residency with permanent residence status and no more than six months outside the country each year.
- Submit your citizenship application and the necessary documents to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Serbia along with the required documentation
- Await approval
- Upon receipt of your Serbian citizenship certificate, you can apply for a Serbian passport with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Serbia
An advantage of the Serbian naturalization process is there is no requirement to prove knowledge of Serbian culture, language, or customs to be naturalized.
Processing Time for Serbia Passport Applications
How long it takes to process a Serbia passport largely depends on whether you applied through the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Serbia or overseas at a Serbian Embassy or Consulate. Passport applications submitted to the Ministry of Internal Affairs have a processing time of 60 days.
Applications submitted at a consular office overseas may take slightly longer, depending on the office and country.
Serbian Dual Citizenship
The government of Serbia previously required natural-born Serbians and foreign nationals to renounce their citizenship before acquiring Serbian citizenship or a foreign nationality. However, Serbia’s new citizenship law allows dual citizenship for all Serbian citizens.
Validity Period of Serbian Passports
The Serbia passport validity period for adults and children over 14 is ten years. Serbian passports have a total of three validity periods, depending on the age of the applicant.
0 to 2 years old
3 to 13 years old
14 years old and above
Serbia passport renewal
Renewing a Serbian travel document follows the same process as applying for a new passport. This involves submitting a passport application to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and requesting an in-person appointment to receive a new passport. Overseas applications must be submitted to the nearest Serbian Embassy or Consulate.
If applying for a lost or stolen passport, applicants must obtain a police report from their local police station.
Serbia residency requirements
Applicants of Serbia’s citizenship by investment program must prove a minimum of 183 days of residency in the country before being eligible for citizenship of the Republic after six years. However, Serbian citizenship law doesn’t require language proficiency or knowledge of the country’s history and customs.
Is a Serbian passport worth having?
Enhance international travel options for yourself and your family, embrace a more affordable lifestyle, or retire in a picturesque destination – a Serbian biometric passport is a valuable asset.
For a detailed discussion about your second passport options, our expert consultants in investment migration are ready to assist you today.
Whether you are considering Serbia’s investment program or Caribbean economic citizenship programs, like St Kitts and Nevis citizenship by investment, our tailored approach guarantees thorough guidance through every stage of the process.
Experience a host of privileges with a Serbia passport, such as:
- A stable economic environment and low investment requirements for residency
- Easy of entry to 148 destinations, including Russia, China, and European Union countries
- Potential EU citizenship and an EU passport in the near future
- Serbians can to several countries in the region with a national identity card, including Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Turkey
Types of Serbian Passports
Regular passport: Issued to all Serbian citizens.
Diplomatic passport: Granted by the Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, this passport is issued to diplomats, high-ranking officials, members of parliament, and individuals on official state business, including their immediate family members.
Official passport: Shares all characteristics with the diplomatic passport but does not carry the advantages of diplomatic immunity. Issued to mid and low-ranking officials, as well as non-diplomatic staff at embassies and consulates
Emergency travel document: Issued to Serbia citizens facing emergencies or who don’t hold a valid passport and have urgent travel needs. Requests for emergency passports may require proof of emergency, such as a police report, a medical appointment, or funeral arrangements.
Frequently Asked Questions about Serbian Passport
Can an American get a Serbian passport?
US citizens seeking a foreign citizenship can get a passport from the Republic of Serbia if they obtain Serbian citizenship by birth through Serbian ancestry, marriage to a Serbian national, naturalization, or investment.
Can a Serbian have dual citizenship in the USA?
Both the United States and Serbia allow dual citizenship, meaning an adult or child can hold dual citizenship in both countries.
How strong is the Serbia passport?
According to the Global Passport Index, the Serbia passport occupies the 65th position regarding passport power. Serbia passport holders have 148 visa-free or with a visa-on-arrival countries, including countries in the Schengen Area, Russia, South Korea, and China, meaning its passport is stronger than most other countries.
How can I get a Serbia passport?
If you already have Serbian citizenship, you must apply for a passport through the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Serbia or the Serbian Embassy or Consulate if you are in another country. If you are not a Serbian citizen, you must go through the process of acquiring citizenship of the Republic, which includes birthright, descent, marriage, or naturalization.
If you hold no birthright or family claims to citizenship, you can acquire a Serbian biometric passport after six years of residency (the last three with permanent residence. The naturalization process does not require knowledge of Serbian culture or language.
Can you travel visa-free with a Serbian second passport to more than 130 countries?
Holding a new passport from Serbia provides 148 visa-free or visa-on-arrival countries, including China, Russia, and all countries in the European Union.
Is the Serbia passport biometric?
New passports issued in Serbia contain biometric information. Biometric passports were introduced in Serbia on 1 July 2008.
How powerful is a Serbia passport?
The Serbia passport ranking relative to most other global passports is high. It ranks in the top third of the world’s passport in terms of strength. According to the Global Passport Index, it ranks 47th out of 197 countries. As a potentially new EU member state, and offering passport-free access to several neighboring countries, Serbia’s passport offers significant advantages regarding global mobility.
How many countries can you visit with a Serbia passport?
According to Global Citizen Solutions’ Global Passport Index, a Serbia passport currently ranks 65th in the world. It provides visa-free and visa-on-arrival entry to 148 destinations. Serbia passport visa-free countries include China, Russia, and EU countries, making it highly attractive for foreign nationals.
Additionally, Serbians can travel to several neighboring countries without visas or passports, including:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- North Macedonia
How many passports does Serbia allow?
The Serbian government allows dual citizenship, and there is no statement or entry in Serbian law on nationality implying the number of passports Serbian citizens can hold. This means Serbia passport holders can legally hold multiple passports.
Is it easy to get a Serbia passport?
Obtaining a Serbian passport is a relatively simple process. Provided you fulfill the residency requirement, including six years of legal residency (the last three with permanent residency) and have no stays of more than six months outside the country each year, you can acquire citizenship of the Republic and a passport.