The Four Qualifying Categories for the Colombian Residency Visa
Colombia has become an increasingly popular destination for people around the world. With its tropical climate, diverse culture, and affordable cost of living, it’s no wonder that more and more individuals are considering making Colombia their permanent home.
However, obtaining a Colombian visa can seem daunting, especially for those who need to become more familiar with the requirements. There are several qualifying categories that individuals can apply for to obtain a Colombian residency visa.
This blog post will explore the four main categories that can lead to a successful Colombian visa application. It will provide valuable information and guidance for those considering making Colombia their new home.
Renunciation of nationality
If you are a former Colombian national, who resigned your citizenship in order to obtain residency under the nationality of another country. In that case, you may still be able to apply for a Colombian resident visa.
In this case, you’ll need to provide proof of your renunciation of Colombian dual citizenship and your visa application. You’ll also need to provide proof of your current citizenship and any relevant immigration documents.
Temporary protection status of Venezuelan migrants
Colombia has been providing temporary protection status to Venezuelan migrants who have fled their country due to political unrest and economic hardship. This protection status allows them to live and work legally in Colombia for a certain period of time.
To obtain temporary protection status, Venezuelan migrants need to apply to the Colombian government and provide documentation such as a valid passport or ID card. They also need to undergo a background check and attend an interview.
Peace process resident
In 2016, the Colombian government signed a peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), ending over five decades of armed conflict. As part of this agreement, specific individuals involved in the conflict, including former guerrilla fighters and their families, may be eligible for a peace process resident visa.
To obtain this visa, they’ll need to provide proof of their involvement in the peace process and undergo a background check.
Accumulated time in Colombia with a migrant visa
Live in Colombia on a migrant visa. You may be eligible to apply for a Colombian visa for permanent residency based on the accumulated time you’ve spent in the country. For example, if you live in Colombia on migrant visas for work and have been there for five years. You may be eligible to apply for a resident Colombian visa based on your accumulated time.
If you choose a migrant visa in the investment category, you must invest an amount equivalent to 350 times the minimum salary (approximately $93,000) in Colombia in real estate. This will provide you and your family with a three-year migrant visa that is renewable as long as you maintain ownership of the property. You can transform your migrant visas into permanent residency Colombian visas in five years.
Other migrant visas include work visas, marriage visas to Colombian nationals, parents to a child born in Colombia or a Colombian citizen, and retirement visas. To apply for a resident visa based on accumulated time, you’ll need to provide documentation such as proof of your visa status and length of stay in the country.
A qualified resident visa may be issued if:
- The foreign individual has been in permanent residence in the nation for at least five years on a temporary visa.
- The foreign national is the father or mother of a Colombian citizen
- The foreigner is of legal age, owns a qualifying resident’s visa, demonstrates a source of income, and has resided in the nation for at least five consecutive years.
- The foreigner has been a temporary visa holder as a spouse or permanent partner of a Colombian native for three years in a row.
Document Requirements for Colombian Residency
Obtaining a Colombian residency requires submitting specific documents that vary depending on the type of visa you are interested in acquiring. However, several standard document requirements apply to most Colombian residency visas. Here are some of the essential documents that applicants must provide:
Passport photocopy: A copy of the applicant’s passport is required to confirm their identity and citizenship.
For proof of legal entry: A document that proves the applicant’s legal entry into Colombia is required. This may include an entry stamp on the passport, a full visa stamp, or a departure card.
Passport photo: Applicants must provide a recent passport-size photograph that meets Colombian government requirements.
Photocopy of previously issued visa: If the applicant has previously been issued a visa in Colombia, they must provide a copy of the visa.
Proof of income: Depending on the type of visa you are looking to acquire, applicants may be required to provide proof of income or financial resources to demonstrate that they can support themselves during their stay in Colombia.
Copy of a cedula: If the applicant already has a Colombian identification card (cedula), they must provide a copy.
For work/occupational visas – Accreditation of occupation: Individuals applying for a work visa must provide proof of their professional qualifications and accreditation in their field of work.
For investors – Proof of Investment from Federal Bank: Individuals applying for an investment visa must provide documentation of their investment, including proof of deposit from a Colombian bank account.
For marriage or civil union – Notarized Letter by Spouse: Individuals applying for a family visa must provide a letter from their Colombian spouse or partner confirming the relationship.
Migratory movement certificate: A migratory movement certificate is a document that shows the applicant’s travel history in and out of Colombia. It is required for most types of migrant visas and residency visas.
These are just a few examples of the specific document requirements for obtaining a residency visa in Colombia. It is essential to carefully review the requirements for the specific type of visa being sought to ensure that all necessary documents are included with the application.
The Colombia resident visa application costs roughly $300, but it depends on the type of visa you may choose to apply for.
Applying for a Resident Visa from Colombia
If you are already in Colombia and want to apply for a Colombia resident visa, there are several steps you must take. Here’s what you need to know:
Choose the type of visa you want to apply for: Before you begin the application process, you must choose the residency visa that best suits your needs. As we mentioned earlier, Colombia has four main categories of visas. Each visa type has its own requirements and application process, so be sure to research your options before you begin.
Gather the required documents: Once you have chosen the type of visa you want to apply for, you’ll need to gather all the necessary documents. As we discussed earlier, this will vary depending on the type of visa you’re applying for. But you can expect to submit documents like a copy of your passport, proof of income, a birth certificate, and a migratory movement certificate.
Submit your application: Once you have all your documents in order, you’ll need to submit your application. You can do this in person at a Migración Colombia office or online through the Migración Colombia website. Be sure to follow the instructions carefully and include all the necessary documents.
Attend your appointment: After you submit your application, you’ll need to attend an appointment at a Migración Colombia office. During this appointment, your documents will be reviewed, and you may be asked to provide additional information or documents. You’ll also be fingerprinted and photographed.
Wait for your visa to be approved: Once your application has been processed, you’ll need to wait for your visa to be approved. This can take several weeks, so be patient. Once your visa is approved, you’ll need to pay a fee and pick up your visa in person at a Migración Colombia office.
Applying for a residency visa from within Colombia can be a complex process, but with the proper preparation and guidance, it’s definitely possible. Be sure to research your options carefully, gather all the necessary documents, and follow the online application and instructions carefully to increase your chances of success.
Suppose you’re considering applying for a Colombian residency visa from your home country. In that case, the steps are more or less the same. You can submit your application online through the Migración Colombia website or at a Colombian Consulate in your home country. Be sure to follow the instructions carefully and include all required documents.
Additionally, you will have to attend an interview. Depending on the type of visa you’re applying for, you may be required to attend an interview with a consular officer. During this interview, you may be asked about your purpose for coming to Colombia and your plans while in the country.
Colombia is a country full of vibrant culture, stunning natural scenery, and endless opportunities for adventure and exploration. Colombia has something to offer everyone, from the bustling cities of Bogotá and Medellín to the tranquil beaches of the Caribbean and Pacific coasts.
Obtaining a Colombian residency visa can be a complex process, but it’s definitely worth the effort if you’re looking to live and work in Colombia for an extended period of time. With the four main categories of visas available, there’s likely a visa type that suits your needs.
When applying online for a residency visa, be sure to research your options carefully, gather all the necessary documents, and follow the application instructions carefully. Whether you’re applying from within Colombia or your home country, the whole visa process may take some time and patience, but with perseverance, you can achieve your goal of becoming a legal resident of Colombia.
Remember that obtaining a residency visa is just the first step. Once you arrive in Colombia, take the time to immerse yourself in the local culture, meet new people, and explore all the sights and sounds that this incredible country has to offer. Embrace the challenges and opportunities that come with living in a new place, and you’ll soon find yourself feeling right at home in Colombia.
We hope this guide has been helpful in your quest to obtain a residency visa in Colombia. Remember to stay informed about changes to visa requirements or application processes, and seek assistance from qualified professionals if you need help navigating the process. With dedication and a little bit of effort, you can make your dream of living in Colombia a reality.
Frequently Asked Questions about Residency in Colombia
How can I get permanent residency in Colombia?
Foreigners can obtain permanent residency in Colombia after living there for five years on a migrant visa or through investment in Colombia.
Can a foreigner live in Colombia?
Yes, foreigners can live in Colombia. They can obtain a temporary or permanent residency visa, allowing them to live and work in Colombia legally.
How long can a foreigner stay in Colombia?
A foreigner on a tourist visa can stay in Colombia for up to 180 days per year. However, with a temporary or permanent residency visa, they can stay for a more extended period.
How can I stay in Colombia long term?
To stay in Colombia long term, foreigners can apply for a temporary residency visa through an investment, family, work, or retirement visa. After five years of temporary residency, they can apply for permanent residency. Some visas, such as the TP-11 visa for pensioners, also allow foreigners to stay in Colombia long term.